In botany, orange refers to any of several types of small, evergreen trees or shrubsbearing round fruit and belonging to the genus Citrus, and in particular applies to the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis in many taxonomies) or the Seville, sour, or bitter orange (Citrus aurantium in many taxonomies). The term also refers to the edible fruit of this plant, which is orange, yellowish, or reddish when ripe and has a leathery, oily rind. In Nigeria, about 3.4 Million metric tonnes of citrus fruits are produced annually (2013) from an estimated hectarage of 3 million hectares of land (FAO, 2008). The country is the 9th major citrus fruit producing country globally, just after italy. And the largest growing region in Africa, followed by Egypt, Morocco and South Africa. Major citrus producing states in Nigeria include Benue, Nassarawa, Kogi, Ogun, Oyo, Osun, Ebonyi, Kaduna, Taraba, Ekiti, Imo, Kwara, Edo, and Delta in that order. Most citrus production is accounted for by oranges, but significant quantities of grape fruits, lemons and limes are also grown. Fruit industry in Nigeria began under the western Regional government of Chief Obafemi Awolowo in the 1950’s. As a result of the down-turn in cocoa trade, consequent upon some pervasive microbiological attack, the government decided to start a pilot project in the cultivation of citrus and other fruits primarily as a way of providing farmers with an alternative source of income. Thus, the Lafia caning factory in Ibadan was born in 1954, and to feed the factory, there was the establishment of Apoje Citrus Farm, backed with an aggressive Farm settlement scheme. Interestingly, this has been bought by Funman Agricultural Product Ltd and it serves as its manufacturing base. From that small beginning in the 1950’s, fruit juice manufacturing in Nigeria has taken a giant leap.
Cucumber, (Cucumis sativus) is known as a part of the Cucurbitaceae family and is considered to have originated in Nepal. Cucumbers are produced around the world with the U.S. being the fourth largest producer of country, after China, India, and Russia. There are close to 100 varieties, but common ones include the English, garden, Persian, mini, and lemon. The English cucumber is the longest, is narrow, and is often marketed in a plastic wrap. The skin of English cucumbers is thin and often does not require peeling. In contrast, the garden cucumber has a dark waxy skin. The skin is normally removed by consumers because of its bitter taste. Persian cucumbers are called burpless because they tend to be smaller, sweeter, and seedless. The skin is smoother, thinner, and, similar to the English variety, does not require peeling. These cucumbers tend to be milder and easier on the digestive system. Kirby cucumbers are the smallest. These mini cucumbers are becoming popular in the marketplace due to consumer preferences. They have a wide variety of skin colors ranging from yellow to dark green. Lemon cucumbers are round and yellow, resembling lemons, but they are sweet, have thin skins, and contain seeds In Nigeria, for many years cucumber has been widely produced and has been serving as among the very important vegetables in the market; so if you have an interest in cucumber farming business in Nigeria, there is an open market that awaits you. Cucumbers which can be regard as a fruits and also as vegetable are usually eaten raw, can also serve as an ingredient for garnishing in salads, soups and stew if possible or as accompaniments to various foods. The fruit has a mild flavor, with a thin, tender, dark green skin that does not require peeling. The maturity days of cucumber are between 40-45 days; though this depends on the type of seeds you buy.
- The main material in steelmaking for automobiles, ships, beams used in buildings, paper clips, furniture, tools etc.
- Widely used in blast furnaces to make pig iron.
- It’s used in currency in the forms of coins and bullion, and also as an investment.
- Used in water filtration, making of jewellery, solar panels, and ornaments.
- It created a higher value for tableware and utensils when used which can also be called silverware.
- In industry, it is used as electrical conductors.
- Used in the production of specialized mirrors and window coatings.
- Silver is used also in catalysis of chemical reactions.
- The compounds of silver are used in X-rays and photographic films.
- Silver compounds such as dilute silver nitrate solutions and others are used as micro biocides and disinfectants as it is used to treat medical instruments, catheters, used on bandages and wound-dressings.