Kano State is a state located in Northern Nigeria. Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, Kano state borders Katsina State to the north-west, Jigawa State to the north-east, Bauchi State to the south-east and Kaduna State to the south-west. The capital of Kano State is Kano.The state originally included Jigawa State which was made a separate state in 1991.Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practiced in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country’s independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper. Kano state is a showcase in agriculture self reliance and admirable resource management. Before the creation of Jigawa State, there were over 120 earth dams in the state, majority of which are located in Kano territory. Today, the dams which include Challawa Gorge and Tiga Dam, two of the ambitious irrigation projects in West Africa, ensure all year round farming. Kano is known today as the most irrigated state in the country with more than 3 million hectares of cultivable land.