Zamfara is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Gusau, with an area of 38,418 square kilometres, it is bordered in the North by Niger republic, to the South by Kaduna State. In the east it is bordered by Katsina State and to the West by Sokoto and Niger States. It has a population of 3,278,873 according to the 2006 census and contains fourteen local government areas.
The climatic condition of Zamfara is tropically warm with temperature rising up to 38 °C (100.4 °F) and above between March to May. Rainy season starts in late May to September while the cold season known as Harmattan lasts from December to February.
Agriculture is main occupation of the people of the state and the central source of income. Irrigation is required for cereals and legumes hence its slogan “farming is our pride". In 2009, gold mining became a greater source of income in Zamfara State as worldwide gold prices rose dramatically. High concentrations of lead in the ore from which gold was being extracted.